源码解析 objc_msgSend 消息发送

iOS Nov 19, 2019

源码解析 objc_msgSend 消息发送

objc_msgSend

从 objc-msg-arm64.s 汇编文件中找到 objc_msgSend 的汇编实现,我们可以看到 objc_msgSend 的汇编符号 _objc_msgSend

#define NORMAL 0
#define GETIMP 1
#define LOOKUP 2
	ENTRY _objc_msgSend
	UNWIND _objc_msgSend, NoFrame

	cmp	p0, #0			// nil check and tagged pointer check
#if SUPPORT_TAGGED_POINTERS
	b.le	LNilOrTagged		//  (MSB tagged pointer looks negative)
#else
	b.eq	LReturnZero
#endif
	ldr	p13, [x0]		// p13 = isa
	GetClassFromIsa_p16 p13		// p16 = class
LGetIsaDone:
	CacheLookup NORMAL		// calls imp or objc_msgSend_uncached

#if SUPPORT_TAGGED_POINTERS
LNilOrTagged:
	b.eq	LReturnZero		// nil check

	// tagged
	adrp	x10, _objc_debug_taggedpointer_classes@PAGE
	add	x10, x10, _objc_debug_taggedpointer_classes@PAGEOFF
	ubfx	x11, x0, #60, #4
	ldr	x16, [x10, x11, LSL #3]
	adrp	x10, _OBJC_CLASS_$___NSUnrecognizedTaggedPointer@PAGE
	add	x10, x10, _OBJC_CLASS_$___NSUnrecognizedTaggedPointer@PAGEOFF
	cmp	x10, x16
	b.ne	LGetIsaDone

	// ext tagged
	adrp	x10, _objc_debug_taggedpointer_ext_classes@PAGE
	add	x10, x10, _objc_debug_taggedpointer_ext_classes@PAGEOFF
	ubfx	x11, x0, #52, #8
	ldr	x16, [x10, x11, LSL #3]
	b	LGetIsaDone
// SUPPORT_TAGGED_POINTERS
#endif

LReturnZero:
	// x0 is already zero
	mov	x1, #0
	movi	d0, #0
	movi	d1, #0
	movi	d2, #0
	movi	d3, #0
	ret

	END_ENTRY _objc_msgSend

CacheLookup

从 _objc_msgSend 中 CacheLookup 的注释,可以知道 calls imp or objc_msgSend_uncached ,调用 imp 或者 objc_msgSend_uncached 函数。

.macro CacheLookup
	// p1 = SEL, p16 = isa
	ldp	p10, p11, [x16, #CACHE]	// p10 = buckets, p11 = occupied|mask
#if !__LP64__
	and	w11, w11, 0xffff	// p11 = mask
#endif
	and	w12, w1, w11		// x12 = _cmd & mask
	add	p12, p10, p12, LSL #(1+PTRSHIFT)
		             // p12 = buckets + ((_cmd & mask) << (1+PTRSHIFT))

	ldp	p17, p9, [x12]		// {imp, sel} = *bucket
1:	cmp	p9, p1			// if (bucket->sel != _cmd)
	b.ne	2f			//     scan more
	CacheHit $0			// call or return imp
	
2:	// not hit: p12 = not-hit bucket
	CheckMiss $0			// miss if bucket->sel == 0
	cmp	p12, p10		// wrap if bucket == buckets
	b.eq	3f
	ldp	p17, p9, [x12, #-BUCKET_SIZE]!	// {imp, sel} = *--bucket
	b	1b			// loop

3:	// wrap: p12 = first bucket, w11 = mask
	add	p12, p12, w11, UXTW #(1+PTRSHIFT)
		                        // p12 = buckets + (mask << 1+PTRSHIFT)

	// Clone scanning loop to miss instead of hang when cache is corrupt.
	// The slow path may detect any corruption and halt later.

	ldp	p17, p9, [x12]		// {imp, sel} = *bucket
1:	cmp	p9, p1			// if (bucket->sel != _cmd)
	b.ne	2f			//     scan more
	CacheHit $0			// call or return imp
	
2:	// not hit: p12 = not-hit bucket
	CheckMiss $0			// miss if bucket->sel == 0
	cmp	p12, p10		// wrap if bucket == buckets
	b.eq	3f
	ldp	p17, p9, [x12, #-BUCKET_SIZE]!	// {imp, sel} = *--bucket
	b	1b			// loop

3:	// double wrap
	JumpMiss $0
	
.endmacro

从这段汇编代码的注释,我们可以了解到:

  1. CacheHit,调用imp 或返回 imp
  2. CheckMiss,如果 bucket->sel 为空,则 miss
  3. JumpMiss,跳转离开

CacheHit

  1. TailCallCachedImp 验证 imp 并调用
  2. AuthAndResignAsIMP 验证并重新作为 IMP 签名,并返回 imp
.macro CacheHit
.if $0 == NORMAL
	TailCallCachedImp x17, x12	// authenticate and call imp
.elseif $0 == GETIMP
	mov	p0, p17
	AuthAndResignAsIMP x0, x12	// authenticate imp and re-sign as IMP
	ret				// return IMP
.elseif $0 == LOOKUP
	AuthAndResignAsIMP x17, x12	// authenticate imp and re-sign as IMP
	ret				// return imp via x17
.else
.abort oops
.endif
.endmacro

CheckMiss

.macro CheckMiss
	// miss if bucket->sel == 0
.if $0 == GETIMP
	cbz	p9, LGetImpMiss
.elseif $0 == NORMAL
	cbz	p9, __objc_msgSend_uncached
.elseif $0 == LOOKUP
	cbz	p9, __objc_msgLookup_uncached
.else
.abort oops
.endif
.endmacro

JumpMiss

.macro JumpMiss
.if $0 == GETIMP
	b	LGetImpMiss
.elseif $0 == NORMAL
	b	__objc_msgSend_uncached
.elseif $0 == LOOKUP
	b	__objc_msgLookup_uncached
.else
.abort oops
.endif
.endmacro

__objc_msgSend_uncached

	STATIC_ENTRY __objc_msgSend_uncached
	UNWIND __objc_msgSend_uncached, FrameWithNoSaves

	// THIS IS NOT A CALLABLE C FUNCTION
	// Out-of-band p16 is the class to search
	
	MethodTableLookup
	TailCallFunctionPointer x17

	END_ENTRY __objc_msgSend_uncached

__objc_msgLookup_uncached

__objc_msgLookup_uncached 通过 MethodTableLookup 查找方法实现

	STATIC_ENTRY __objc_msgLookup_uncached
	UNWIND __objc_msgLookup_uncached, FrameWithNoSaves

	// THIS IS NOT A CALLABLE C FUNCTION
	// Out-of-band p16 is the class to search
	
	MethodTableLookup
	ret

	END_ENTRY __objc_msgLookup_uncached

Nicholas X.

山穷水复疑无路,柳暗花明又一村